Rigor Vitae: Life Unyielding

Sunday, April 29, 2007

BLOGGER BIOBLITZ PART ii - THE METAZOANS

When I arrived at my bioblitz site, just after 6am on April 25th, It was just getting light enough to see my breath. I hauled my gear the short distance to the water's edge, then carefully walked around the pond's perimeter, hoping (vainly) to see some mammals. There was ample evidence of Mule Deer (Odocoileus hemionus) in the form of tracks and the remains of a doe that appeared to have been poached last winter, and a single recent set of Moose (Alces alces) tracks. Mule deer have always been common here. Moose were rare in the Wasatch Mountains until the late '70s, and a successful stocking program. Today, dozens of Moose from the Wasatch are unsuccessfully transplanted to Colorado each year. A Coyote (Canis latrans) scat and numerous vole (Microtus spp.) burrows rounded out the morning mammal signs. Around 3pm, I saw my only mammal for the day, a Least Chipmunk (Tamias minimus). As it turns out, bringing a mist net would have been a waste—it's too early for bats.

Birds are always the easiest tetrapods to view, and they comprise 90% of my tetrapod tally. Where the cataloging of plants posed identification challenges, the main difficulty with birds was accurate censusing. When you spend 15 hours on a plot of land, how do you discount the individuals you've seen earlier? My numbers for common birds are little more than guesses. On my arrival, a single Canada Goose (Branta canadensis) floated on the west end of the pond, and 7 Mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) were calling the place home. This was the first year I've seen a goose on the pond, and ducks are fairly recent arrivals, too—in fact, a pair of Mallards I flushed around 1969 about 4 miles from here were the only anseriformes I ever saw resting in Emigration Canyon prior to the 1980s. I attribute this to two facts: Game management has succeeded in expanding the overall population of anseriformes in the region during this period, and the inadvertently man-made wetland here is a fairly recent habitat in this mountain canyon. In my initial dawn patrol, I flushed a Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax), only the third time I've seen this bird here (bear in mind that I rarely show up here at 6am). Around 10am, five Red-winged Blackbirds (Agelatus phoenicus), wetland newcomers as well, dropped by for about half an hour. Marsh Wrens (Cistotherus palustris) have also grown in numbers, although I saw but one skulking through the cattails, a zone still dominated by Song Sparrows (Melospiza melodia). The goose remained in place until around 11am, when he flushed, and circled widely. Suddenly a pair of Ravens (Corvus corax) emerged from a nearby draw and mobbed him. Ravens are common in the desert lowlands to the west, but these were the first ones I've seen in Emigration. In another four weeks, a nest-hunting expedition will be in order.
California Quail (Callipepla californica) were introduced to this area early in the 20th century, and are common in the foothills. Small numbers have occurred in the Canyon as long as I can remember, but over the past decade they've seemed to really burgeon. I heard several roosters crow, but only saw two individuals during the day. Goldfinches (Carduelis spp.) are native here. When I was young, American Goldfinches (C. tristis) were not uncommon and Lesser Goldfinches (C. psaltria) were rare. I've noticed a marked increase in the latter species recently, and suspect they may have followed the march of invasive Leafy Spurge (Euphorbia esula). I couldn't confirm seeing any Lessers on Wednesday, but I was surprised how many Americans I saw. I estimated the number on my plot at 12, and saw as many as six individuals at once. Some common birds of the area were noticeably absent. The number of Scrub Jays (Aphelocoma californica) and Spotted Towhees (Pipilo maculatus) I recorded stands at one apiece, though I heard several of the latter. I can't explain not seeing a feather from a Black-headed Grosbeak (Pheuticus melanocephalus), or a bird of prey (Sharp-shinned Hawks (Accipiter striatus) and Belted Kingfishers (Ceryle alcyon) have both nested about 150m from the site for many years. It was probably still too early for many common favorites, yet too late for winter visitors. Also counted was a group of domestic Rock Doves (Columba livia).


Too early, as well, for most herptiles, too. A warm day like this one could have seen a Western Terrestrial Garter Snake (Thamnophis elegans) venture abroad, but such was not my luck. Tiger Salamanders (Ambystoma mavortium) are the first herps to stir. The adults emerge from hibernation soon after the ice melts, and head for the water to breed. This time of year they're aquatic, and I had hoped to spot an adult or two in the water, but only found a single egg to represent the classes Amphibia and Reptilia.

Most arthropods were also still in winter mode. I took a total of 30 net swipes through the pond in 30 different spots, and pulled up very little in the way of aquatic insects. A few naiads of mayflies (Baetis spp.) and damselflies (Argia spp.), a few Backswimmers (Notonecta undulata), and an unidentified Rat-tailed maggot (probably an Eristylis sp.) were all I saw. Once the sun got warm, though, hundreds of wolf spiders of the genus Pirata began foraging on the surface in the pondweed zone. Evidently, their skills at seeing tiny arthropods trumped my own. I was surprised to see but one water strider (Aquarius sp.) share the pond's surface with the spiders. The warming air also brought out hundreds of hover flies of the family Syrphidae. I saw several small banded Metasyrphus sp. and hundreds of large brown Bombylius sp.

One of the censusing nightmares I foresaw came to be when I found a colony of mound ants (Formica rufa-complex). How many individuals? I decided to estimate the number visible to me. Most insect diversity lies in the order Coleoptera, but I only saw one beetle, a Great Basin Click Beetle (Ctenicera pruinina). Spring Whites (Pontia sisymbrii) and overwintered Mourning Cloaks (Nymphalis antiopa) are usually the first butterflies I see up here, and this year was no exception. I also saw several Stella Orangetips (Anthocharis stella), a new butterfly to the area, as far as I know, and an unidentified fritillary-looking thing I couldn't get close to. The biggest surprise of the day probably came from a confused and very early cicada (Platypedia putnami). Another two months and this species will be plentiful, but I've never seen one emerge this early. The only non-arthropod invertebrates I found were the plentiful Great Pond Snails (Lymnea stagnalis). The value of any data I gleaned during this process is pretty dubious, but it was of enormous benefit to me. As Americans go, I'm fairly observant of my natural surroundings, but executing this bioblitz forced me to notice and consider it in a new and deeper way. I look forward to doing it again next April, if not sooner. Special thanks to Jeremy, Sarah, Jenn, Bev, Madhu and Greg. A complete-as-I'm-able bioblitz species list follows (a number of the species assignments are questionable):


KINGDOM: PROTISTA
Class: Charophytes
Family: Zygnemataceae
Green Pond Scum (Spirogyra sp.)

KINGDOM: FUNGI
Class: Dothideomycetes
Family: Venturiaceae
Black Knot (Apiosporina morbosum)

KINGDOM PLANTAE
Class: Equisetopsida
Family: Equisetaceae
Horsetail (Equisetum arvense)

Class: Dicotyledoneae
Family Aceraceae
Bigtooth Maple (Acer grandidentum)
Boxelder (Acer negundo)

Family: Apiaceae
Poison Hemlock (Conium maculatum)

Family:Asteraceae
Yarrow (Achillea lanulosa)
Arrowleaf Balsamroot (Balsamorhiza sagittata)
Nodding Bur-marigold (Bidens cernua)

Family Berberidaceae
Oregon Grape (Mahonia repens)

Family: Boraginaceae
Short-styled Bluebells (Mertensia brevistyla)
Burdock (Arctium minor)
Common Rabbitbrush (Chrysothamnus nauseosus)
Canada Thistle (Cirsium arvense)
Hounds Tongue (Cynoglossum officinale)
Common Dandelion (Taraxacum officianale)
Meadow Salsify (Tragopogon pratensis)

Family: Euphorbiacae
Leafy Spurge (Euphorbia esula)

Family: Fagaceae
Gambel's Oak (Quercus gambelii)

Family: Fabaceae
Utah Milkvetch (Astralagus utahensis)
Yellow Sweetclover (Melilotus officianalis)

Family: Polygonaceae
Western Dock (Rumex aquaticus)

Family: Ranunculaceae
Creeping Buttercup (Ranunculus repens)

Family: Rosaceae
Utah Serviceberry (Amelanchier utahensis)
Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana)
Woods' Rose (Rosa woodsii)

Family: Salicaceae
Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremontii)
Peach-leaved Willow (Salix amygdaloides)

Class: Monocotyledoneae
Family Cyperaceae
Few-flowered Spike-rush (Eleocharis quinqueflora)

Family: Lemnaceae
Lesser Duckweed (Lemna minor)

Family: Liliaceae
Star Solomon's Plume (Smilacina stellata)

Family: Typhaceae
Broad-leaved Cattail (Typha latifolia)

KINGDOM: ANIMALIA
Order: Basommatophora
Class: Gastropoda
Family: Lymnaedae
Great Pond Snail (Lymnaea stagnalis)

Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Family: Lycosidae
Running Wolf Spider (Pardosa moesta)
Water Wolf Spider (Pirata piraticus)

Family: Tetragnathidae
Silver Large-jawed Orb Weaver (Tetragnatha laboriosa)

Class: Insecta
Order: Ephemeroptera
Family: Baetidae
Small Mayfly (Baetis bicaudatus)

Order: Odonata
Family: Coenigrionidae
Dancer naiad (Argia sp. emma?)

Order: Hemiptera
Family: Notonectidae
Back Swimmer (Notonecta undulata)

Family: Gerridae
Water Strider (Aquarius remigis)

Order: Homoptera
Family: Cicadidae
Cicada (Platypedia putnami)

Order: Coleoptera
Family: Elateridae
Great Basin Click Beetle (Ctenicera pruinina)

Order: Diptera
Family: Syrphidae
Brown Bee Fly (Bombylius albicapillus)
Banded Flower Fly (Metasyrphus gentneri)

Family: Calliphoridae
Green Bottle Fly (Phaenicia sericata)

Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Pieridae
Stella Orangetip (Anthocharis stella)
Spring White (Pontia sisymbrii)

Family: Nymphalidae
Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa)

Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Formicidae
Mound Ant (Formica rufa)
Brown Ant (Myrmica mutica)

Family: Vespidae
Paper Wasp (Polistes fuscatus)

Family: Megachilidae
Alfalfa Leafcutting Bee (Megachile rotunda)

Class: Amphibia
Family: Ambystomidae
Tiger Salamander (Ambystoma mavortium)

Class: Aves
Family: Ardeidae
Black-crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)

Family: Anatidae
Canada Goose (Branta canadensis)
Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)

Family: Phasianidae
California Quail (Callipepla californica)

Family: Columbidae
Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)
Domestic Rock Dove (Columba livia)

Family: Picidae
Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)

Family: Corvidae
Scrub Jay (Aphelocoma californica)
Black-billed Magpie (Pica hudsonia)
Common Raven (Corvus corax)

Family: Paridae
Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapilla)

Family: Troglodytidae
Marsh Wren (Cistothorus palustris)

Family: Turdidae
American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

Family: Emberizidae
Spotted Towhee (Pipilo maculatus)
Green-tailed Towhee (Pipilo chlorurus)
Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

Family: Icteridae
Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)
Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Family: Fringillidae
House Finch (Carpodacus mexicanus)
American Goldfinch (Carduelis tristis)

Class: Mammalia
Family: Sciuridae
Least Chipmunk (Tamias minimus)
_____________________

All Photographs taken by CPBvK at Perkins Flat, April 25, 2007

8 Comments:

Blogger burning silo said...

That's a pretty respectable species list considering the time of year and weather conditions. Excellent narrative too -- it was almost like being along for the day. In fact, I've felt that way after reading several of the narratives written by those who participated in the bioblitz. I very much agree about the bioblitz causing us to look at natural surroundings in a different way.

3:52 PM  
Blogger Wendy said...

When you spend 15 hours on a plot of land, how do you discount the individuals you've seen earlier?

I chose to handle this the same way it's done on annual birds counts. The numbers on my count are the maximum I saw at any one time. That way, there's no change of double-counting a species (although it's possible to under-count this way, obviously). Still, in my case, since I was doing a really small area, it made sense.

Great list, btw! This was such a great project.

12:47 AM  
Blogger wyldthang said...

Hi! Enjoyed your story!!

1:42 PM  
Blogger cpbvk said...

Wendy: Around 1980, I did some Cooper's Hawk censusing, and had great arguments with my collaborater regarding methodology. Getting an honest sense of a species' abundance in an area is at best a difficult task, and at worst an exercise in self-delusion.

10:43 AM  
Blogger sexy said...

情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,按摩棒,跳蛋,充氣娃娃,情境坊歡愉用品,情趣用品,情人節禮物,情惑用品性易購

免費A片,AV女優,美女視訊,情色交友,免費AV,色情網站,辣妹視訊,美女交友,色情影片,成人影片,成人網站,A片,H漫,18成人,成人圖片,成人漫畫,情色網,日本A片,免費A片下載,性愛

A片,色情,成人,做愛,情色文學,A片下載,色情遊戲,色情影片,色情聊天室,情色電影,免費視訊,免費視訊聊天,免費視訊聊天室,一葉情貼圖片區,情色,情色視訊,免費成人影片,視訊交友,視訊聊天,視訊聊天室,言情小說,愛情小說,AIO,AV片,A漫,av dvd,聊天室,自拍,情色論壇,視訊美女,AV成人網,色情A片,SEX

情趣用品,A片,免費A片,AV女優,美女視訊,情色交友,色情網站,免費AV,辣妹視訊,美女交友,色情影片,成人網站,H漫,18成人,成人圖片,成人漫畫,成人影片,情色網


情趣用品,A片,免費A片,日本A片,A片下載,線上A片,成人電影,嘟嘟成人網,成人,成人貼圖,成人交友,成人圖片,18成人,成人小說,成人圖片區,微風成人區,成人文章,成人影城,情色,情色貼圖,色情聊天室,情色視訊,情色文學,色情小說,情色小說,臺灣情色網,色情,情色電影,色情遊戲,嘟嘟情人色網,麗的色遊戲,情色論壇,色情網站,一葉情貼圖片區,做愛,性愛,美女視訊,辣妹視訊,視訊聊天室,視訊交友網,免費視訊聊天,美女交友,做愛影片

av,情趣用品,a片,成人電影,微風成人,嘟嘟成人網,成人,成人貼圖,成人交友,成人圖片,18成人,成人小說,成人圖片區,成人文章,成人影城,愛情公寓,情色,情色貼圖,色情聊天室,情色視訊,情色文學,色情小說,情色小說,色情,寄情築園小遊戲,情色電影,aio,av女優,AV,免費A片,日本a片,美女視訊,辣妹視訊,聊天室,美女交友,成人光碟

情趣用品.A片,情色,情色貼圖,色情聊天室,情色視訊,情色文學,色情小說,情色小說,色情,寄情築園小遊戲,情色電影,色情遊戲,色情網站,聊天室,ut聊天室,豆豆聊天室,美女視訊,辣妹視訊,視訊聊天室,視訊交友網,免費視訊聊天,免費A片,日本a片,a片下載,線上a片,av女優,av,成人電影,成人,成人貼圖,成人交友,成人圖片,18成人,成人小說,成人圖片區,成人文章,成人影城,成人網站,自拍,尋夢園聊天室

11:12 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

A片,A片,成人網站,成人漫畫,色情,情色網,情色,AV,AV女優,成人影城,成人,色情A片,日本AV,免費成人影片,成人影片,SEX,免費A片,A片下載,免費A片下載,做愛,情色A片,色情影片,H漫,A漫,18成人

a片,色情影片,情色電影,a片,色情,情色網,情色,av,av女優,成人影城,成人,色情a片,日本av,免費成人影片,成人影片,情色a片,sex,免費a片,a片下載,免費a片下載

情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣,情趣,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣,情趣,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣,情趣

A片,A片,A片下載,做愛,成人電影,.18成人,日本A片,情色小說,情色電影,成人影城,自拍,情色論壇,成人論壇,情色貼圖,情色,免費A片,成人,成人網站,成人圖片,AV女優,成人光碟,色情,色情影片,免費A片下載,SEX,AV,色情網站,本土自拍,性愛,成人影片,情色文學,成人文章,成人圖片區,成人貼圖

情色,AV女優,UT聊天室,聊天室,A片,視訊聊天室

情色視訊,美女視訊,辣妹視訊,視訊聊天室,視訊交友網,免費視訊聊天,視訊交友90739,視訊,免費視訊,情人視訊網,視訊辣妹,影音視訊聊天室,視訊交友,視訊聊天,免費視訊聊天室,成人視訊,UT聊天室,聊天室,豆豆聊天室,色情聊天室,尋夢園聊天室,聊天室尋夢園,080聊天室,080苗栗人聊天室,上班族聊天室,小高聊天室

6K聊天室,080中部人聊天室,聊天室交友,成人聊天室,中部人聊天室,情色聊天室,AV女優,AV,A片,情人薇珍妮,愛情公寓,情色,情色貼圖

4:38 AM  
Blogger 情趣用品 欣怡 said...

情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣用品,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,情趣,美國aneros,rudeboy,英國rudeboy,英國Rocksoff,德國Fun Factory,Fun Factory,英國甜筒造型按摩座,甜筒造型按摩座,英國Rock Chic ,瑞典 Lelo ,英國Emotional Bliss,英國 E.B,荷蘭 Natural Contours,荷蘭 N C,美國 OhMiBod,美國 OMB,Naughti Nano ,音樂按摩棒,ipod按摩棒,美國 The Screaming O,美國TSO,美國TOPCO,美國Doc Johnson,美國CA Exotic,美國CEN,美國Nasstoy,美國Tonguejoy,英國Je Joue,美國Pipe Dream,美國California Exotic,美國NassToys,美國Vibropod,美國Penthouse,仿真按摩棒,矽膠按摩棒,猛男倒模,真人倒模,仿真倒模,PJUR,Zestra,適趣液,穿戴套具,日本NPG,雙頭龍,FANCARNAL,日本NIPPORI,日本GEL,日本Aqua Style,美國WET,費洛蒙,費洛蒙香水,仿真名器,av女優,打炮,做愛,性愛,口交,吹喇叭,肛交,魔女訓練大師,無線跳蛋,有線跳蛋,震動棒,震動保險套,震動套,TOY-情趣用品,情趣用品網,情趣購物網,成人用品網,情趣用品討論,成人購物網,鎖精套,鎖精環,持久環,持久套,拉珠,逼真按摩棒,名器,超名器,逼真老二,電動自慰,自慰,打手槍,仿真女郎,SM道具,SM,性感內褲,仿真按摩棒,pornograph,hunter系列,h動畫,成人動畫,成人卡通,情色動畫,情色卡通,色情動畫,色情卡通,無修正,禁斷,人妻,極悪調教,姦淫,近親相姦,顏射,盜攝,偷拍,本土自拍,素人自拍,公園露出,街道露出,野外露出,誘姦,迷姦,輪姦,凌辱,痴漢,痴女,素人娘,中出,巨乳,調教,潮吹,av,a片,成人影片,成人影音,線上影片,成人光碟,成人無碼,成人dvd,情色影音,情色影片,情色dvd,情色光碟,航空版,薄碼,色情dvd,色情影音,色情光碟,線上A片,免費A片,A片下載,成人電影,色情電影,TOKYO HOT,SKY ANGEL,一本道,SOD,S1,ALICE JAPAN,皇冠系列,老虎系列,東京熱,亞熱,武士系列,新潮館,情趣用品,情趣,情趣商品,情趣網站,跳蛋,按摩棒,充氣娃娃,自慰套,G點,性感內衣,情趣內衣,角色扮演,生日禮物,生日精品,自慰,打手槍,潮吹,高潮,後庭,情色論譠,影片下載,遊戲下載,手機鈴聲,音樂下載,開獎號碼,統一發票號碼,夜市,統一發票對獎,保險套,做愛,減肥,美容,瘦身,當舖,軟體下載,汽車,機車,手機,來電答鈴,週年慶,美食,徵信社,網頁設計,網站設計,室內設計,靈異照片,同志,聊天室,運動彩券,大樂透,威力彩,搬家公司,除蟲,偷拍,自拍,無名破解,av女優,小說,民宿,大樂透開獎號碼,大樂透中獎號碼,威力彩開獎號碼,討論區,痴漢,懷孕,美女交友,交友,日本av,日本,機票,香水,股市,股市行情, 股市分析,租房子,成人影片,免費影片,醫學美容,免費算命,算命,姓名配對,姓名學,姓名學免費,遊戲,好玩遊戲,好玩遊戲區,線上遊戲,新遊戲,漫畫,線上漫畫,動畫,成人圖片,桌布,桌布下載,電視節目表,線上電視,線上a片,線上掃毒,線上翻譯,購物車,身分證製造機,身分證產生器,手機,二手車,中古車,法拍屋,歌詞,音樂,音樂網,火車,房屋,情趣用品,情趣,情趣商品,情趣網站,跳蛋,按摩棒,充氣娃娃,自慰套, G點,性感內衣,情趣內衣,角色扮演,生日禮物,精品,禮品,自慰,打手槍,潮吹,高潮,後庭,情色論譠,影片下載,遊戲下載,手機鈴聲,音樂下載,開獎號碼,統一發票,夜市,保險套,做愛,減肥,美容,瘦身,當舖,軟體下載,汽車,機車,手機,來電答鈴,週年慶,美食,徵信社,網頁設計,網站設計,室內設計,靈異照片,同志,聊天室,運動彩券,,大樂透,威力彩,搬家公司,除蟲,偷拍,自拍,無名破解, av女優,小說,民宿,大樂透開獎號碼,大樂透中獎號碼,威力彩開獎號碼,討論區,痴漢,懷孕,美女交友,交友,日本av ,日本,機票,香水,股市,股市行情,股市分析,租房子,成人影片,免費影片,醫學美容,免費算命,算命,姓名配對,姓名學,姓名學免費,遊戲,好玩遊戲,好玩遊戲區,線上遊戲,新遊戲,漫畫,線上漫畫,動畫,成人圖片,桌布,桌布下載,電視節目表,線上電視,線上a片,線上a片,線上翻譯,購物車,身分證製造機,身分證產生器,手機,二手車,中古車,法拍屋,歌詞,音樂,音樂網,借錢,房屋,街頭籃球,找工作,旅行社,六合彩,整型,整型,珠海,雷射溶脂,婚紗,網頁設計,水噹噹,台中隆鼻,果凍隆乳,改運整型,自體脂肪移植,新娘造型,婚禮顧問,下川島,常平,常平,珠海,澳門機票,香港機票,貸款,貸款,信用貸款,宜蘭民宿,花蓮民宿,未婚聯誼,網路購物,婚友,婚友社,未婚聯誼,交友,婚友,婚友社,單身聯誼,未婚聯誼,未婚聯誼, 婚友社,婚友,婚友社,單身聯誼,婚友,未婚聯誼,婚友社,未婚聯誼,單身聯誼,單身聯誼,白蟻,白蟻,除蟲,老鼠,減肥,減肥,在家工作,在家工作,婚友,單身聯誼,未婚聯誼,婚友,交友,交友,婚友社,婚友社,婚友社,大陸新娘,大陸新娘,越南新娘,越南新娘,外籍新娘,外籍新娘,台中坐月子中心,搬家公司,搬家公司,中和搬家,台北搬家,板橋搬家,新店搬家,線上客服,網頁設計,線上客服,網頁設計,植牙,關鍵字,關鍵字,seo,seo,網路排名,自然排序,網路排名軟體,交友,越南新娘,婚友社,外籍新娘,大陸新娘,越南新娘,交友,外籍新娘,視訊聊天,大陸新娘,婚友社,婚友,越南新娘,大陸新娘,越南新娘,視訊交友,外籍新娘,網路排名,網路排名軟體,網站排名優化大師,關鍵字排名大師,網站排名seo大師,關鍵字行銷專家,關鍵字,seo,關鍵字行銷,網頁排序,網頁排名,關鍵字大師,seo大,自然排名,網站排序,網路行銷創業,汽車借款,汽車借錢,汽車貸款,汽車貸款,拉皮,抽脂,近視雷射,隆乳,隆鼻,變性,雙眼皮,眼袋,牙齒,下巴,植牙,人工植牙,植髮,雷射美容,膠原蛋白,皮膚科,醫學美容,玻尿酸,肉毒桿菌,微晶瓷,電波拉皮,脈衝光,關鍵字,關鍵字,seo,seo,網路排名,自然排序,網路排名軟體,汽車借款,汽車借款,汽車借款,汽車貸款,汽車貸款,借錢,借貸,當舖,借款,借貸,借錢,週轉,學英文,英文社團,英語俱樂部,學習英文,英語會話,英文演講,English Club,學英語,學英文,美語社團,英語社團,英文讀書會,Toastmasters,Toastmaster,英語讀書會,拍樂得批發,拍樂得飾品,拍樂得化妝品批發,

7:36 PM  
Blogger 元美女 said...

(法新社a倫敦二B十WE四日電) 「情色二零零七」情趣產品大產自二十三日起在成人網站情色A片下載的肯辛頓奧林匹亞展覽館舉行,倫色情敦人擺脫對性的保守態度踴躍參觀,許多穿皮衣與塑膠緊身衣色情影片的好色之成人電影徒擠進這項世界規模最大的成人生活展,估計三天情色電影展期可吸引八萬多好奇民眾參觀。
情色電影
活動計畫負責人米里根承諾成人影片:「要搞浪漫、誘惑人、玩虐成人電影待,你渴望的a片我們都有。」

他說:情色「時髦的設計與華麗女裝,從吊飾到束腹到真人大小的雕塑,是我們由今年展出的數千件產品精選出的一AV女優部分,參展產品還包括時尚服飾、貼av女優身女用內在美、鞋子、珠寶、玩具、影片、藝術、圖書及遊戲,更不要說性愛輔具及馬術a片下載裝備A片。」

色情觀民眾遊覽兩百五十多個攤位,有性感服裝、玩具及情色食品,迎合av各種a片品味。

大舞台上表演的是美國野蠻搖滾歌手瑪莉蓮曼森的前妻─全世界頭牌脫衣舞孃黛塔范提思,這是她今年在英國唯一一場表演。

以一九四零年代風格演出的黛塔范提思表演性感成人網站的天堂鳥、旋轉木馬及羽扇成人影片等舞蹈。

參展攤位有AV的推廣情趣用品,有的公開展示人體藝術和人體雕塑,也有情色藝術家工會成員提供建議。

3:49 AM  

Post a Comment

<< Home